POL2511 Politics of NationalismBahçeşehir UniversityDegree Programs ENERGY SYSTEMS ENGINEERINGGeneral Information For StudentsDiploma SupplementErasmus Policy StatementNational QualificationsBologna Commission
Bachelor TR-NQF-HE: Level 6 QF-EHEA: First Cycle EQF-LLL: Level 6

Course Introduction and Application Information

Course Code Course Name Semester Theoretical Practical Credit ECTS
POL2511 Politics of Nationalism Fall 3 0 3 4
This catalog is for information purposes. Course status is determined by the relevant department at the beginning of semester.

Basic information

Language of instruction: English
Type of course: Non-Departmental Elective
Course Level: Bachelor’s Degree (First Cycle)
Mode of Delivery: Hybrid
Course Coordinator : Assoc. Prof. ESRA ALBAYRAKOĞLU
Recommended Optional Program Components: None
Course Objectives: This course aims to analyse different approaches to nationalism, compares nation-building process in different countries of Europe, compares nation-building and European identity construction process within the EU, and discusses rising influence of nationalism in globalized world, rising influence of populism and radical right in world politics and particularly in European politics as well.

Learning Outcomes

The students who have succeeded in this course;
The students who have succeeded in this course;
1. Discuss the concepts of nationalism, nation-state, collective identity, national identity, European identity,
2. Discuss reasons of rise of nationalism in a globalized world,
3. Evaluate various theories of nationalism,
4. Discuss instruments of nation-building process and comparison of nation-building with European identity construction process within the EU,
5. Evaluate the rise of populism, radical right and nativism in European politics and its challenges for the EU project.

Course Content

In this course firstly the concepts of identity, collective identity, nation, nation-state and nationalism, citizenship will be discussed. Various approaches to nationalism and theories of nationalism will be evaluated. National identities in Europe and different basis of obtaining national citizenships will be compared. Reasons of rise of nationalism in globalising world will be discussed. European identity construction process in the context of the EU will be discussed, civic and cultural understandings of European identity will be compared. Instruments for nation-building process and construction of European identity within the EU will be compared. The rise of populism and nationalism in global politics and particularly in Europe in recent years and the reasons behind that will be discussed.

Weekly Detailed Course Contents

Week Subject Related Preparation
1) Introduction to the course
2) Nationalism and Its Impact on Global Politics John Breuilly, “Nationalism”, in The Globalisation of World Politics, Oxford University Press, 2011, pp. 400-413.
3) National Identities and Citizenship in Europe Klaus Eder & Bernhard Giesen, “Citizenship and the Making of a European Society”, in Klaus Eder &Bernhard Giesen (eds.), European Citizenship Between National Legacies and Postnational Projects, New York: Oxford Unv. Press, 2001.
4) National Identities and Citizenship in Europe Klaus Eder & Bernhard Giesen, “Citizenship and the Making of a European Society”, in Klaus Eder &Bernhard Giesen (eds.), European Citizenship Between National Legacies and Postnational Projects, New York: Oxford Unv. Press, 2001.
5) Construction of National Identities in France and Germany and Different Types of Citizenships Martin Marcussen & Klaus Roscher, “The Social Construction of Europe: Life-Cycles of Nation-State Identities in France, Germany and Great Britain” in Bo Strath (ed.), Europe and the Other and Europe as the Other, 2000.
6) European Identity in the Context of the EU and Citizenship in Europe Yasemin Nuhoğlu Soysal, “Changing Citizenship in Europe: Postnational Membership and the National State” in Günay G. Özdoğan & Gül Tokay, Redefining The Nation State and Citizen, İstanbul: Eren Pub., 2000. Anthony Smith, “National Identity and the Idea of European Unity”, International Affairs, Vol.68, No.1, Jan. 1992.
7) Anthony Smith and Nationalism Anthony Smith, “Memory and Modernity: Reflections on Ernest Gellner’s Theory of Nationalism”, Nations and Nationalism, Vol.2, No.3, 1996. A. Smith “The Shifting Landscapes of Nationalism”, Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism, Vol.8, No.2, 2008.
8) Midterm Exam
9) Modernist Approaches to Nationalism Review by Ernst. B. Haas, “What is nationalism and why should we study it?”, International Organization, 1986.     
10) Recent Theories of Nationalism Llobera, J. , “Recent Theories of Nationalism”, ICPS Working Paper, Barcelona, 1999.
11) Rise of Nationalism, Populism and Radical Right in Europe Mudde, Cas, and C. R. Kaltwasser, “Studying Populism in Comparative Perspective: Reflections on the Contemporary and Future Research Agenda”, Comparative Political Studies, Vol.51, No. 13, 2018.
12) European Identity and Turkey’s EU Membership Öner, S.. “An Analysis of European Identity within the Framework of the EU: The Case of Turkey’s Membership”. In Christian Johannes Henrich and Wolfgang Gieler (eds.), Türkisches Europa-Europaische Türkei. Türken in Europa, turkisch-europaische Identitaten und turkische Politikbereiche vor dem Hintergrund der Beitrittsverhandlungen mit der Europaischen Union. Bonn: Scientia Bonnensis Pub., 2008.      
13) Pandemic and Nationalism F. Bieber, “Global Nationalism in Times of the Covid-19 Pandemic”,Nationalities Papers, 2020. Woods, et al., “Covid-19, Nationalism, and the Politics of Crisis: A Scholarly Exchange”, Nations and Nationalism, 2020.      
14) General evaluation of the course and presentation of students.


Course Notes / Textbooks: Weekly readings will be uploaded on ItsLearning. Please note that all book chapters and articles listed on the syllabus are also accessible through the BAU Library.
Recommended readings:
Anthony Smith, National Identity, Penguin Pub., 1991.
E. Hobsbawm, Nations and Nationalism since 1780: Programme, Myth, Reality, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.
Ernest Gellner, Nations and Nationalism, Cornell University Press, 2008.
Benedict Anderson, Imagined Communities, London: Verso Pub., 1991.
Eric Hobsbawm, Nations and Nationalism since 1780, Cambridge University Press, 1992.

References: Articles in Course Package

Evaluation System

Semester Requirements Number of Activities Level of Contribution
Attendance 13 % 15
Presentation 1 % 25
Midterms 1 % 20
Final 1 % 40
Total % 100
Total % 100

ECTS / Workload Table

Activities Number of Activities Workload
Course Hours 13 39
Study Hours Out of Class 13 51
Presentations / Seminar 1 7
Midterms 1 1.5
Final 1 1.5
Total Workload 100

Contribution of Learning Outcomes to Programme Outcomes

No Effect 1 Lowest 2 Low 3 Average 4 High 5 Highest
Program Outcomes Level of Contribution
1) Build up a body of knowledge in mathematics, science and Energy Systems Engineering subjects; use theoretical and applied information in these areas to model and solve complex engineering problems.
2) Ability to identify, formulate, and solve complex Energy Systems Engineering problems; select and apply proper modeling and analysis methods for this purpose.
3) Ability to design complex Energy systems, processes, devices or products under realistic constraints and conditions, in such a way as to meet the desired result; apply modern design methods for this purpose.
4) Ability to devise, select, and use modern techniques and tools needed for solving complex problems in Energy Systems Engineering practice; employ information technologies effectively.
5) Ability to design and conduct numerical or pysical experiments, collect data, analyze and interpret results for investigating the complex problems specific to Energy Systems Engineering.
6) Ability to cooperate efficiently in intra-disciplinary and multi-disciplinary teams; and show self-reliance when working on Energy Systems-related problems
7) Ability to communicate effectively in English and Turkish (if he/she is a Turkish citizen), both orally and in writing. Write and understand reports, prepare design and production reports, deliver effective presentations, give and receive clear and understandable instructions.
8) Recognize the need for life-long learning; show ability to access information, to follow developments in science and technology, and to continuously educate oneself.
9) Develop an awareness of professional and ethical responsibility, and behave accordingly. Be informed about the standards used in Energy Systems Engineering applications.
10) Learn about business life practices such as project management, risk management, and change management; develop an awareness of entrepreneurship, innovation, and sustainable development.
11) Acquire knowledge about the effects of practices of Energys Systems Engineering on health, environment, security in universal and social scope, and the contemporary problems of Energys Systems engineering; is aware of the legal consequences of Energys Systems engineering solutions.