EUR3342 Theories of European IntegrationBahçeşehir UniversityDegree Programs ENERGY SYSTEMS ENGINEERINGGeneral Information For StudentsDiploma SupplementErasmus Policy StatementNational QualificationsBologna Commission
Bachelor TR-NQF-HE: Level 6 QF-EHEA: First Cycle EQF-LLL: Level 6

Course Introduction and Application Information

Course Code Course Name Semester Theoretical Practical Credit ECTS
EUR3342 Theories of European Integration Fall 3 0 3 7
This catalog is for information purposes. Course status is determined by the relevant department at the beginning of semester.

Basic information

Language of instruction: English
Type of course: Non-Departmental Elective
Course Level: Bachelor’s Degree (First Cycle)
Mode of Delivery: Hybrid
Course Coordinator : Assoc. Prof. ESRA ALBAYRAKOĞLU
Course Lecturer(s): Assoc. Prof. SEMİHA ÖZGÜR ÜNAL ERİŞ
Recommended Optional Program Components: None
Course Objectives: This course offers an in-depth analysis of the main theories and concepts of European integration and their development since the early 1950s and analyze the factors and preferences initiating and further deepening of integration as well as enlargement.

Learning Outcomes

The students who have succeeded in this course;
The students who have succeeded in this course;
1. Discuss a variety of theoretical approaches seeking to explain integration.
2. Gain an understanding of how integration changed Europe.
3. Possess a robust understanding of the main schools and discussions of the contemporary integration theories.
4. Grasp main differences between different approaches and concepts.
5. Possess knowledge of how to apply integration theories to empirical studies of European integration.

Course Content

The course introduces students the theories such as functionalism, neofunctionalism, intergovernmentalism, multi-level governance, Europeanisation and critical approaches such as Marxism and feminism. The course aims at enhancing students’ capabilities of applying these theories to offer explanations to the contemporary issues in European politics. In doing so, the course will analyze the interdependencies between EU institutions and Member States, discuss the main actors of integration process and delves deeper into the practical problems of integration and prospects of their resolution.

Weekly Detailed Course Contents

Week Subject Related Preparation
1) Introduction to the course
2) Historical Evolution of European Integration
3) Theories of European Integration: neofunctionalism and intergovernmentalism Why was Neo-Functionalism the dominant theoretical approach in the early years of European integration, and in what ways is it still useful today? Reading: R.1 (Chapter 1)
4) Theories of EU Governance: Liberal Intergovernmentalism, Supranational governance, Postfunctionalist theory of European integration Readings: R.1. (Chapter 1), R.6.
5) Theories of EU Governance: How the EU political system functions? Governance turn in EU studies in 1990s New institutionalism Reading: R.1 (Chapter 2)
6) Critical Perspectives: Developments in Neo-Marxism, Gender Perspectives Readings: R.1. (Chapter 3), R.3.
7) Midterm Chapter 11 (Brian C. Schumidt), Chapter 12 (Economic statecraft)
8) Theorizing Consequences: Europeanisation: Is Europeanisation the same as European integration? How do the two concepts relate to each other? Reading: R.1 (Chapter 4).
9) Theorizing Consequences: Democracy: What is the conditionality principle and in what ways is it relevant for the EU‘s relations with other states? Reading: R.1 Chapter 4
10) Grand Theories and 21st Century Reading: R.5.
11) Differentiated Integration Reading: R.7.1, R.7.2.
12) Mind-Mapping Presentations
13) “Economic Giant, Political Dwarf, Military Worm”, Is this an appropriate assessment of the EU’s role in the world? Be Ready for Group Discussion Reading R.4.
14) Summary and Wrap up


Course Notes / Textbooks: Weekly readings will be uploaded on ItsLearning at the beginning of the semester. Please note that all book chapters and articles listed on the syllabus are also accessible through the BAU Library.
The PPT files will be shared on ItsLearning following each class.
R.1. Bache, Ian and Stephen George (2011) Politics in the European Union (3rd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
R.2. Davis Cross, Mai’a K. (2015). The Limits of Epistemic Communities: EU Security Agencies, Politics and Governance, Vol. 3, Issue. 1, 90,100.
R.3. Roberta Guerrina, Toni Haastrup, Katharine A.M. Wright, Annick Masselot, Heather MacRae & Rosalind Cavaghan (2018) Does European Union studies have a gender problem? Experiences from researching Brexit, International Feminist Journal of Politics, 20:2, 252-257.
R.4. Bossout, Fabienne (2007). An Economic Giant, Political Dwarf and Military Worm? Introducting the Concept of ‘Transnational Power Over’ in Studies of (the EU’s) Power in IR, Paper Presented at the 4th ECPR General Conference, PISA, Italy, 6-8 September 2007.
R.5. Liesbet Hooghe & Gary Marks (2019) Grand theories of European integration in the twenty-first century, Journal of European Public Policy, 26:8, 1113-1133,
R.6. Moravscik, Andrew and Schimmelfennig, Frank. (2019). Liberal Intergovernmentalism, in European Integration Theory (pp. 64- 84), edited by Antje Weiner, Tanza Börzel andThomas Risse, Oxford University Press.
R.7.1. Turhan, E. (2019). Thinking out of the accession box: The potential and limitations of internal and external differentiated integration between Turkey and the EU. Europe–Against the Tide, 43.
R.7.2. Marhold, H. (2019, January). Differentiated integration, reconsidered. In Europe-Against the Tide (pp. 35-42). Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG.
References: Youtube videos on related subjects.

Evaluation System

Semester Requirements Number of Activities Level of Contribution
Homework Assignments 1 % 15
Presentation 1 % 15
Midterms 1 % 30
Final 1 % 40
Total % 100
Total % 100

ECTS / Workload Table

Activities Number of Activities Workload
Course Hours 11 33
Study Hours Out of Class 13 131.5
Presentations / Seminar 1 0.5
Homework Assignments 2 6
Midterms 1 2
Final 1 2
Total Workload 175

Contribution of Learning Outcomes to Programme Outcomes

No Effect 1 Lowest 2 Low 3 Average 4 High 5 Highest
Program Outcomes Level of Contribution
1) Build up a body of knowledge in mathematics, science and Energy Systems Engineering subjects; use theoretical and applied information in these areas to model and solve complex engineering problems.
2) Ability to identify, formulate, and solve complex Energy Systems Engineering problems; select and apply proper modeling and analysis methods for this purpose.
3) Ability to design complex Energy systems, processes, devices or products under realistic constraints and conditions, in such a way as to meet the desired result; apply modern design methods for this purpose.
4) Ability to devise, select, and use modern techniques and tools needed for solving complex problems in Energy Systems Engineering practice; employ information technologies effectively.
5) Ability to design and conduct numerical or pysical experiments, collect data, analyze and interpret results for investigating the complex problems specific to Energy Systems Engineering.
6) Ability to cooperate efficiently in intra-disciplinary and multi-disciplinary teams; and show self-reliance when working on Energy Systems-related problems
7) Ability to communicate effectively in English and Turkish (if he/she is a Turkish citizen), both orally and in writing. Write and understand reports, prepare design and production reports, deliver effective presentations, give and receive clear and understandable instructions.
8) Recognize the need for life-long learning; show ability to access information, to follow developments in science and technology, and to continuously educate oneself.
9) Develop an awareness of professional and ethical responsibility, and behave accordingly. Be informed about the standards used in Energy Systems Engineering applications.
10) Learn about business life practices such as project management, risk management, and change management; develop an awareness of entrepreneurship, innovation, and sustainable development.
11) Acquire knowledge about the effects of practices of Energys Systems Engineering on health, environment, security in universal and social scope, and the contemporary problems of Energys Systems engineering; is aware of the legal consequences of Energys Systems engineering solutions.