BME4006 Principles of Medical ImagingBahçeşehir UniversityDegree Programs ENERGY SYSTEMS ENGINEERINGGeneral Information For StudentsDiploma SupplementErasmus Policy StatementNational QualificationsBologna Commission
Bachelor TR-NQF-HE: Level 6 QF-EHEA: First Cycle EQF-LLL: Level 6

Course Introduction and Application Information

Course Code Course Name Semester Theoretical Practical Credit ECTS
BME4006 Principles of Medical Imaging Spring 3 0 3 6
This catalog is for information purposes. Course status is determined by the relevant department at the beginning of semester.

Basic information

Language of instruction: English
Type of course: Non-Departmental Elective
Course Level: Bachelor’s Degree (First Cycle)
Mode of Delivery: Face to face
Course Coordinator : Dr. Öğr. Üyesi BORA BÜYÜKSARAÇ
Course Lecturer(s): Prof. Dr. NAFİZ ARICA
Course Objectives: • To introduce the major techniques of imaging modalities.
• To present the underlying physics, image formation theories and selected applications of each modality.
• To teach the functions of the primary components of the widely used imaging modalities.

Learning Outcomes

The students who have succeeded in this course;
• Learn the functions of the primary components of the widely used imaging modalities.
• Know the physics and image formation theories of the imaging modalities.
• Gain the ability to decide on imaging parameters of each modality.

Course Content

The underlying physics, image formation theories and selected applications of each modality will be presented.

Weekly Detailed Course Contents

Week Subject Related Preparation
1) Introduction to medical imaging, overview of the modalities (radiography, fluoroscopy, mammography, computed tomography)
2) Overview of the modalities (Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Ultrasound Imaging, Doppler Ultrasound)
3) Nuclear medicine imaging, Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT), Positron Emission Tomography (PET), combined imaging modalities, image properties (Contrast, Spatial Resolution)
4) X-ray production, X-ray tubes, and X-ray generators, Bremsstrahlung spectrum, Characteristic x-ray spectrum
5) x-ray tubes, cathode, anode
6) Anode configurations: stationary and rotating, measurement of focal spot size
7) Anode angle, field coverage, and focal spot size, heel effect, off-focal radiation, collimators
8) Filtration, attenuation of x-rays, linear attenuation coefficient, mass attenuation coefficient, half-value layer, factors affecting x-ray emission, quality, quantity, and exposure
9) Mammography, focal spot considerations
10) Tube port, tube filtration, and beam quality, magnification techniques
11) CT system designs, basic concepts and definitions
12) X-ray tubes, filters, and collimation in CT scanners, x-ray interactions (rayleigh scattering, compton scattering)
13) X-ray interactions (the photoelectric effect)
14) Hounsfield Unit (HU)


Course Notes / Textbooks: Jerrold T. Bushberg, J. Anthony Seibert, Edwin M. Leidholdt Jr., John M. Boone
“The Essential Physics of Medical Imaging” ISBN: 9780781780575, 3rd Edition,
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins (2012).


Evaluation System

Semester Requirements Number of Activities Level of Contribution
Midterms 1 % 40
Final 1 % 60
Total % 100
Total % 100

Contribution of Learning Outcomes to Programme Outcomes

No Effect 1 Lowest 2 Low 3 Average 4 High 5 Highest
Program Outcomes Level of Contribution
1) Build up a body of knowledge in mathematics, science and Energy Systems Engineering subjects; use theoretical and applied information in these areas to model and solve complex engineering problems.
2) Ability to identify, formulate, and solve complex Energy Systems Engineering problems; select and apply proper modeling and analysis methods for this purpose.
3) Ability to design complex Energy systems, processes, devices or products under realistic constraints and conditions, in such a way as to meet the desired result; apply modern design methods for this purpose.
4) Ability to devise, select, and use modern techniques and tools needed for solving complex problems in Energy Systems Engineering practice; employ information technologies effectively.
5) Ability to design and conduct numerical or pysical experiments, collect data, analyze and interpret results for investigating the complex problems specific to Energy Systems Engineering.
6) Ability to cooperate efficiently in intra-disciplinary and multi-disciplinary teams; and show self-reliance when working on Energy Systems-related problems
7) Ability to communicate effectively in English and Turkish (if he/she is a Turkish citizen), both orally and in writing. Write and understand reports, prepare design and production reports, deliver effective presentations, give and receive clear and understandable instructions.
8) Recognize the need for life-long learning; show ability to access information, to follow developments in science and technology, and to continuously educate oneself.
9) Develop an awareness of professional and ethical responsibility, and behave accordingly. Be informed about the standards used in Energy Systems Engineering applications.
10) Learn about business life practices such as project management, risk management, and change management; develop an awareness of entrepreneurship, innovation, and sustainable development.
11) Acquire knowledge about the effects of practices of Energys Systems Engineering on health, environment, security in universal and social scope, and the contemporary problems of Energys Systems engineering; is aware of the legal consequences of Energys Systems engineering solutions.