Bachelor TR-NQF-HE: Level 6 QF-EHEA: First Cycle EQF-LLL: Level 6

Course Introduction and Application Information

Course Code Course Name Semester Theoretical Practical Credit ECTS
SOC3054 Military Sociology Fall 3 0 3 5
This catalog is for information purposes. Course status is determined by the relevant department at the beginning of semester.

Basic information

Language of instruction: English
Type of course: Non-Departmental Elective
Course Level: Bachelor’s Degree (First Cycle)
Mode of Delivery: E-Learning
Course Coordinator : Prof. Dr. AYŞE NİLÜFER NARLI
Course Lecturer(s): Prof. Dr. AYŞE NİLÜFER NARLI
Recommended Optional Program Components: "."
Course Objectives: The course aims at introducing students major military sociological concepts in the field. It also aims to able to describe and compare the civil-military related theoretical views; and enable students to use these theoretical perspectives in order to employ them in country analyses. Students are required to use their knowledge for developing a research project paper based on a case study of a country. Students will acquire a broad, general knowledge of current debates within military sociology and at the same time as developing specialist knowledge of the key social and cultural dynamics shaping civil military relations in the world and in Turkey. Students are required to use their knowledge for developing a research project paper based on a case study of a country and civil military relations in this particular country or countries.

Learning Outcomes

The students who have succeeded in this course;
Students who succeed in this course will be able to:

1)Descibe the knowledge of the sociological approach to studying military and society
(2) Describe and synthesize sociological concepts and theories in the field of military sociology
(3) Demonstrate the knowledge of the military and the nation state formation
(4)Employ the social research method to the study of the civil-military relations and the military- society and state relations from a sociological perspective
(5)Demonstrate the knowledge of the major conceptual and research issues related to democratic civil control of military
(6)Analyze and discuss contemporary civil-military related issues using a sociological perspective
(7)Compare various models of civil military relations
(8) Demonstrate the ability to discuss the social dynamics of security culture and military
(9) Analyze Turkish military by using a sociological perspective
(10) Develop a research proposal and design research project to study military and society

Course Content

The course has three major components. Firstly, it reviews the early literature on the topic as defined by Huntington’s conceptualization of the military. Secondly, the course covers the following topics in the study of civil-military relations: the military in processes of state formation, the relationship among the military, state and society, typology of military influence on civilian politics, civilian control of the military, security culture and de-militarization. Thirdly, it selects several countries as a case study to examine the military-state-society relations, democratization and demilitarization processes

Weekly Detailed Course Contents

Week Subject Related Preparation
1) Introduction of the Early literature Mills, C. Wright(1956). The Power Elite. New York: Oxford University Press. Samuel P. Huntington. 1957. The Soldier and the State: The Theory and Politics of Civil-Military Relations. New York. Vintage Books. Samuel E. Finer. 1962. The Man on the Horseback: The Role of the Military in Politics. London. Pall Mall Press. Samuel P. Huntington. 1968. Political Order in Changing Societies (The Henry L. Stimson Lectures Series). Yale University Press.
2) The military, the state, and society: Huntington’s Paradigm I Amos Perlmutter . 1969. “The Praetorian State and the Praetorian Army: Toward a Taxonomy of Civil-MilitaryRelations in Developing Polities” . Comparative Politics, Vol. 1, No. 3, (Apr., 1969), pp. 382-404 Published by: Ph.D. Program in Political Science of the City University of New York Stable URL: Amos Perlmutter. 1977. The Military and Politics in Modern Times: on Professionals, Praetorians, and Revolutionary Soldiers. New Haven. Yale University Press. . Chapter 1.
3) The military, the state, and society: Huntington’s Paradigm II Professional Solider: Huntington’s Professional Soldier Janowitz’s Professional Soldier Morris Janowitz. 1971.The Professional Soldier: A Social and Political Portrait. New York. The Free Press
4) The military, the state, and society: Huntington’s Paradigm II (continue) Morris Janowitz. 1971.The Professional Soldier: A Social and Political Portrait. New York. The Free Press.
5) The military, the state, and society: concordance and civil-military coalition Paradigm III Political and Security Cultures and Military: Cultural Variables Blurring the Civil-Military Domain Separation Peter J. Katzenstein, 1996. Cultural Norms and National Security: Police and Military in Postwar Japan, Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press, Peter J. Katzenstein (ed.), 1996 . The Culture of National Security: Norms and Identity in World Politics, Columbia, NY, Columbia University Press. Ali Karaosmanoglu, 2008. “Turkish Security Culture: Evolutionary or carved in Stone”, paper presented at the conference on “Perceptions and Misperceptions in the EU and Turkey: Stumbling blocks on the road accession”, organized by the center for European Security Studies (CESS and Turkey Institute, 26-27 June, 2008, Amsterdam. Peter Karsten. 1998. The Military-State-Society Symbiosis (Military and Society, Routledge; 1 edition. 1998).
6) Huntington’s Separate Domains Model Debate : Luckham’s Interaction, Feaver’s Agency Theory and Sciff’s Concordance Theory Robin Luckham, 1971. “A Comparative Typology of Civil-Military Relations,” Government and Opposition, 6(1): 5-35. Feaver, Peter D. 1996. The civil-military problematique: Huntington, Janowitz, and the question of civilian control. Armed Forces & Society 23(2): 149-178. Rebecca L. Schiff, , 1995. “Civil-Military Relations: A Theory of Concordance,” Armed Forces and Society, 22, 1. Richard S. Wells, 1996. “The Theory of Concordance in Civil-Military Relations: a Commentary,” Armed Forces and Society, 23, 2, Winter. Task: Home assignment submission of Book review
7) The military and Nation State Formation: War, State-Building, Military Mobilisation and Nationalism in Pre-modern and Modern Europe Charles Tilly, 1990. Coercion, Capital, and European States. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Charles Tilly (Ed), 1975. The Formation of National States in Western Europe. Princeton Princeton University Press. Samuel E. Finer, 197. “State- and Nation-Building in Europe: The Role of the Military,” in Charles Tilly, Ed. The Formation of National States in Western Europe. Princeton. Princeton University Press. Brian Downing. 1992. The Military Revolution and Political Change: Origins of Democracy and Autocracy in Early Modern Europe. Princeton. Princeton University Press
8) Sözlü Sunum John Samuel Fitch. 1998. The Armed Forces and Democracy in Latin America. Wendy Hunter. 1996. State & Soldier in Latin America: Redefining the Military’s Role in Argentina, Brazil, & Chile. Diane Publishing Books. Arturo Valenzuela, The Breakdown of Democratic Regimes: Chile (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1978). Task: Home assignment submission of project proposal
9) The Military, Society and State in Asia: India and Pakistan Riaz Ahmed Sheikh. "Pakistan Military's Role in the Asian context". International Conference on “Armed Forces and Conflict Resolution in a Globalized World. July 14 ~ 17, 2008, Seoul, Korea. Stephen Peter Rosen. Societies and Military Power: India and its Armies. Ithaca. Cornell University Press. 1996.
10) The Military and Politics: Militarization and Democratization in Africa George Klay, Jr. Kieh and Pita Ogaba Agbese (Eds). 2004. The Military and Politics in Africa: From Engagement to Democratic and Constitutional Control (Contemporary Perspectives on Developing Societies) London Ashgate Publishing. Seitz, Steven Thomas. “The Military in Black African Politics “ African and Asian Studies, Volume 26, Numbers 1-2, 1991 , pp. 61-75(15)
11) Conscription and all-volunteer Forces: Change in manning format and the impact on civil-military relations Yantsislav Yanakiev: Diversity in the All-volunteer Forces: Theoretical Perspectives, Institutional Assessment and Policy Implications. International Conference on “Armed Forces and Conflict Resolution in a Globalized World. July 14 -17, 2008, Seoul, Korea Johan Österberg. What are the possibilities to recruit young men and women to the Swedish mission- oriented defence- three empirical studies. International Conference on “Armed Forces and Conflict Resolution in a Globalized World. July 14 - 17, 2008, Seoul, Korea
12) Araştırma projesinin sınıfta sözlü sunumu ve tartışma
13) Oral presentation of research project in the classroom and debate
14) Araştırma projesinin sınıfta sözlü sunumu ve tartışma Oral presentation of research project in the classroom and debate


Course Notes / Textbooks: Giuseppe Caforio (ed.), 2006. Handbook of the Sociology of the Military, Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers
Weekly specific readings
Weber, Max. The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. Los Angeles: Roxbury Company, 2002. ISBN 1891487434

Weekly readings

Haftalık belirlenen okumalar
References: References are listed in the weekly program

Diğer Kaynaklar haftalık programda listelendi.

Evaluation System

Semester Requirements Number of Activities Level of Contribution
Attendance 14 % 5
Homework Assignments 2 % 10
Presentation 2 % 20
Midterms 1 % 25
Final 1 % 40
Total % 100
Total % 100

ECTS / Workload Table

Activities Number of Activities Duration (Hours) Workload
Course Hours 14 3 42
Study Hours Out of Class 14 3 42
Presentations / Seminar 1 10 10
Project 1 15 15
Homework Assignments 2 10 20
Midterms 1 2 2
Final 1 2 2
Total Workload 133

Contribution of Learning Outcomes to Programme Outcomes

No Effect 1 Lowest 2 Low 3 Average 4 High 5 Highest
Program Outcomes Level of Contribution
1) To be able to critically interpret and discuss the theories, the concepts, the traditions, and the developments in the history of thought which are fundamental for the field of new media, journalism and communication.
2) To be able to attain written, oral and visual knowledge about technical equipment and software used in the process of news and the content production in new media, and to be able to acquire effective abilities to use them on a professional level.
3) To be able to get information about the institutional agents and generally about the sector operating in the field of new media, journalism and communication, and to be able to critically evaluate them.
4) To be able to comprehend the reactions of the readers, the listeners, the audiences and the users to the changing roles of media environments, and to be able to provide and circulate an original contents for them and to predict future trends.
5) To be able to apprehend the basic theories, the concepts and the thoughts related to neighbouring fields of new media and journalism in a critical manner.
6) To be able to grasp global and technological changes in the field of communication, and the relations due to with their effects on the local agents.
7) To be able to develop skills on gathering necessary data by using scientific methods, analyzing and circulating them in order to produce content.
8) To be able to develop acquired knowledge, skills and competence upon social aims by being legally and ethically responsible for a lifetime, and to be able to use them in order to provide social benefit.
9) To be able to operate collaborative projects with national/international colleagues in the field of new media, journalism and communication.
10) To be able to improve skills on creating works in various formats and which are qualified to be published on the prestigious national and international channels.