Bachelor TR-NQF-HE: Level 6 QF-EHEA: First Cycle EQF-LLL: Level 6

Course Introduction and Application Information

Course Code Course Name Semester Theoretical Practical Credit ECTS
BME4006 Principles of Medical Imaging Spring 3 0 3 6
This catalog is for information purposes. Course status is determined by the relevant department at the beginning of semester.

Basic information

Language of instruction: English
Type of course: Non-Departmental Elective
Course Level: Bachelor’s Degree (First Cycle)
Mode of Delivery: Face to face
Course Coordinator : Dr. Öğr. Üyesi BORA BÜYÜKSARAÇ
Course Lecturer(s): Prof. Dr. NAFİZ ARICA
Course Objectives: • To introduce the major techniques of imaging modalities.
• To present the underlying physics, image formation theories and selected applications of each modality.
• To teach the functions of the primary components of the widely used imaging modalities.

Learning Outcomes

The students who have succeeded in this course;
• Learn the functions of the primary components of the widely used imaging modalities.
• Know the physics and image formation theories of the imaging modalities.
• Gain the ability to decide on imaging parameters of each modality.

Course Content

The underlying physics, image formation theories and selected applications of each modality will be presented.

Weekly Detailed Course Contents

Week Subject Related Preparation
1) Introduction to medical imaging, overview of the modalities (radiography, fluoroscopy, mammography, computed tomography)
2) Overview of the modalities (Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Ultrasound Imaging, Doppler Ultrasound)
3) Nuclear medicine imaging, Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT), Positron Emission Tomography (PET), combined imaging modalities, image properties (Contrast, Spatial Resolution)
4) X-ray production, X-ray tubes, and X-ray generators, Bremsstrahlung spectrum, Characteristic x-ray spectrum
5) x-ray tubes, cathode, anode
6) Anode configurations: stationary and rotating, measurement of focal spot size
7) Anode angle, field coverage, and focal spot size, heel effect, off-focal radiation, collimators
8) Filtration, attenuation of x-rays, linear attenuation coefficient, mass attenuation coefficient, half-value layer, factors affecting x-ray emission, quality, quantity, and exposure
9) Mammography, focal spot considerations
10) Tube port, tube filtration, and beam quality, magnification techniques
11) CT system designs, basic concepts and definitions
12) X-ray tubes, filters, and collimation in CT scanners, x-ray interactions (rayleigh scattering, compton scattering)
13) X-ray interactions (the photoelectric effect)
14) Hounsfield Unit (HU)


Course Notes / Textbooks: Jerrold T. Bushberg, J. Anthony Seibert, Edwin M. Leidholdt Jr., John M. Boone
“The Essential Physics of Medical Imaging” ISBN: 9780781780575, 3rd Edition,
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins (2012).


Evaluation System

Semester Requirements Number of Activities Level of Contribution
Midterms 1 % 40
Final 1 % 60
Total % 100
Total % 100

Contribution of Learning Outcomes to Programme Outcomes

No Effect 1 Lowest 2 Low 3 Average 4 High 5 Highest
Program Outcomes Level of Contribution
1) To be able to critically interpret and discuss the theories, the concepts, the traditions, and the developments in the history of thought which are fundamental for the field of new media, journalism and communication.
2) To be able to attain written, oral and visual knowledge about technical equipment and software used in the process of news and the content production in new media, and to be able to acquire effective abilities to use them on a professional level.
3) To be able to get information about the institutional agents and generally about the sector operating in the field of new media, journalism and communication, and to be able to critically evaluate them.
4) To be able to comprehend the reactions of the readers, the listeners, the audiences and the users to the changing roles of media environments, and to be able to provide and circulate an original contents for them and to predict future trends.
5) To be able to apprehend the basic theories, the concepts and the thoughts related to neighbouring fields of new media and journalism in a critical manner.
6) To be able to grasp global and technological changes in the field of communication, and the relations due to with their effects on the local agents.
7) To be able to develop skills on gathering necessary data by using scientific methods, analyzing and circulating them in order to produce content.
8) To be able to develop acquired knowledge, skills and competence upon social aims by being legally and ethically responsible for a lifetime, and to be able to use them in order to provide social benefit.
9) To be able to operate collaborative projects with national/international colleagues in the field of new media, journalism and communication.
10) To be able to improve skills on creating works in various formats and which are qualified to be published on the prestigious national and international channels.